Anesthesia and pain relief in dentistry.

Anesthesia and pain relief in dentistry.
July 12, 2021 Alex

Anesthesia and pain relief in dentistry.


How are teeth treated without pain?

Today, all therapeutic and surgical procedures performed by a dentist at risk of causing pain in the patient are carried out exclusively after the use of pain relievers. Dentists use different types of anesthesia, which means a decrease in the sensitivity of the injection site to any external influences. The injected medication prevents penetration

When is anesthesia in dentistry indicated?

Anesthesia is carried out with the following treatment procedures:

and other therapeutic manipulations; depulpation; ; incision of the gums; preparation of the dentition for the installation of a permanent prosthesis; …

Types of pain relief.

Dentists, as a rule, perform local drug anesthesia, which involves injecting the drug into the tissues in the treatment area. The action of the remedy lasts a certain time required by a specialist to perform a treatment procedure. After a short period of time, the drug is excreted from the body, and tissue sensitivity is restored.

Treatment under general anesthesia is rare. It is often used in complex jaw surgery operations.

Local anesthesia.

Local anesthesia is almost always performed during dental treatment. It causes less stress to the body, therefore it is used even for children. A few years ago, only injections of Novocaine and Lidocaine were used.

However, today different substances and their forms are used for pain relief.

Application anesthesia.

Anesthesia provides a superficial desensitization. A special spray, gel or ointment is applied to the causative area of ​​the mouth. A common substance is Lidocaine solution, produced in the form of an aerosol.

This type of sensitivity reduction is indicated for manipulations with a slight degree of intervention, for example, when removing a calculus or preparing the dentition for prosthetics.

The concentrated preparation penetrates into tissues by 2-3 mm and blocks nerve endings. The effect is noticeable within a few minutes and lasts half an hour or an hour. The anesthetic is not absorbed into the circulatory system, therefore the method is considered the safest.

Other disadvantages of application anesthesia include the insignificant depth of anesthesia and the short duration of its action.